FIRSTS FOR WESTERN PALEARCTIC
Undated Winter Records
Cape Gull - Jardin des Plantes Zoo, Paris, France. Winter, 1995.
Race of Kelp Gull. Found in January and remained until the following month
Jiguet, F. 2003. Brieven: Kelp Gull in France in January 1995. Dutch Birding 25(5): 327

Cotton Pygmy-goose - Hammar Marshes, near Basrah, Iraq. Winter, 1975.
2 live birds observed in a Basrah market during November reported to have been captured at Hammar Marshes the previous day however origin is uncertain
Kainady, P.V.G. 1976. The Indian Pygmy Goose Nettapus coromandelianus in Basrah, Iraq. Bulletin of Basrah Natural History Museum 3: 107-109

Falcated Duck - Lake Van, Turkey. Winter, 1968.
Probable genuine vagrant. The location of an earlier 1916 claim from Iraq might actually be from Isfahan Province in Iran which is outside the WP
Cramp, S. & Simmons, K.E.L. (eds) 1977. BWP 1. Oxford University Press

American Herring Gull - 480km off the coast of Spain, At sea. Winter, 1937.
Caught on board a ship in the Atlantic Ocean. Had been ringed as a chick on Kent Island, New Brunswick, Canada during August 1936
Gross, A.O. 1940. The migration of Kent Island Herring Gulls. Bird Banding 11: 129-155

Scarlet Tanager - Leifsstathir, Kaupangssveit, Eyjafjartharsysla, Iceland. Winter, 1936.
Found dead at the end of November or early in December
Mitchell, D. & Young, S. 1997. Rare Birds of Britain and Europe. New Holland

Gabar Goshawk - River Nile at El Shallal, south of Aswan, Egypt. Winter, 1905.
2 pairs observed flying along the river during January and February
Snow, D.W. & Perrins, C.M. (eds) 1998. BWP Concise 1. Oxford University Press

American Kestrel - Birkendegaard, Kalundborg, Denmark. Winter, 1901.
Sometime near the end of the year
Alexander, W.B. & Fitter, R.S.R. 1955. American Land Birds in Western Europe. British Birds 48(1): 1-14

Collared Petrel - Between Borth and Aberystwyth on the coast, Wales. Winter, 1889.
Shot during November or December. Treated by some as a race of Gould's Petrel. Sold as a Sooty Shearwater to a taxidermist in Aberystwyth. Removed from the British list 1971
Palmer, P. 2000. First for Britain and Ireland 1600-1999. Arlequin Press

Hooded Merganser - East Ferry, Cobh Harbour, Co. Cork, Ireland. Winter, 1878.
A pair shot. Earlier records from Britain and Ireland not considered to be adequately documented for acceptance
Ussher, R.J. & Warren, R 1900. The Birds of Ireland. Gurney and Jackson, London

Striped Crake - Near Biskra, Algeria. Winter, 1867.
Collected during January
Heim de Balsac, H. & Mayaud, N. 1962. Les Oiseaux du nord-ouest de l'Afrique. Paris

Parakeet Auklet - Lake Vattern, Jonkoping, Smaland, Sweden. Winter, 1860.
Collected during December
Var Fagelvarld 19: 344

American Wigeon - unknown location, England. Winter, 1837.
Discovered in Leadenhall Market, London and purchased sometime during the winter of 1837-38. A female was reported also but it was not purchased and the record was never confirmed
Palmer, P. 2000. First for Britain and Ireland 1600-1999. Arlequin Press

Baikal Teal - Saone Valley, Burgundy, France. Winter, 1836.
5 birds obtained during November
Mayaud, N. 1936. Inventaire des Oiseaux de France. Paris

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Glaucous Gull, Co. Wexford, Ireland.
Glaucous Gull (Larus hyperboreus)
Duncannon, Co. Wexford. January 16th, 2016.
Canon 7D Mark II, Canon 100-400mm Mark II  
Iceland Gull, Co. Wexford, Ireland.
Iceland Gull (Larus glaucoides)
Duncannon, Co. Wexford. January 16th, 2016.
Canon 7D Mark II, Canon 100-400mm Mark II  
Iceland Gull, Co. Wexford, Ireland.
Iceland Gull (Larus glaucoides)
Duncannon, Co. Wexford. January 16th, 2016.
Canon 7D Mark II, Canon 100-400mm Mark II  
Iceland Gull, Co. Wexford, Ireland.
Iceland Gull (Larus glaucoides)
Duncannon, Co. Wexford. January 16th, 2016.
Canon 7D Mark II, Canon 100-400mm Mark II  
Iceland Gull, Co. Wexford, Ireland.
Iceland Gull (Larus glaucoides)
Duncannon, Co. Wexford. January 16th, 2016.
Canon 7D Mark II, Canon 100-400mm Mark II  
Glaucous-winged Gull, Co. Cork, Ireland.
Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens)
Castetownbere, Co. Cork. January 3rd, 2016.
Canon 7D Mark II, Canon 100-400mm Mark II  
Glaucous-winged Gull, Co. Cork, Ireland.
Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens)
Castetownbere, Co. Cork. January 3rd, 2016.
Canon 7D Mark II, Canon 100-400mm Mark II  
Glaucous-winged Gull, Co. Cork, Ireland.
Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens)
Castetownbere, Co. Cork. January 3rd, 2016.
Canon 7D Mark II, Canon 100-400mm Mark II  
Glaucous-winged Gull, Co. Cork, Ireland.
Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens)
Castetownbere, Co. Cork. January 3rd, 2016.
Canon 7D Mark II, Canon 100-400mm Mark II  
Glaucous-winged Gull, Co. Cork, Ireland.
Glaucous-winged Gull (Larus glaucescens)
Castetownbere, Co. Cork. January 3rd, 2016.
Canon 7D Mark II, Canon 100-400mm Mark II